Physical fitness directly related to mental health in Compulsory Secondary Education students

The review conducted at the Universitat Jaume I by Carlos Bou Sospedra in his doctoral thesis entitled “Condición física y salud psychological en estudiantes de ESO: Proyecto DADOS” has demonstrated that bodily physical fitness is instantly connected to mental health in the Compulsory Secondary Training pupils who participated in the analyze. The thesis was supervised by Dr Diego Moliner, a senior lecturer in the Section of Instruction and Didactics of Particular Subjects.

More than the last 10 years, scientific scientific studies have discovered a decline in psychological well-remaining amid the teenage inhabitants and an increase in situations of panic, despair, having ailments and self-hurt. In point, a significant proportion of diagnoses of melancholy come about throughout this stage and 60-75{fc1509ea675b3874d16a3203a98b9a1bd8da61315181db431b4a7ea1394b614e} of cases diagnosed in adulthood stem from a condition that goes back for some many years.

Despair usually provides in the type of a absence of electricity and an amplified sedentary life-style, which prospects to a reduced degree of bodily exercise. Physical fitness can thus be considered an indicator of bodily and mental wellbeing in adolescence, via both biological (improved anti-inflammatory position, neuronal growth or improved neuroplasticity) and psychosocial mechanisms (increased social acceptance or development of social bonds).

This exploration has analysed the romance amongst bodily health (comprising cardiorespiratory endurance, musculoskeletal capability and motor ability), and psychological health and fitness. A single of the key findings was the marriage involving reduce stages of actual physical fitness and bigger amounts of hazard of depression, and that better physical physical fitness seems to be linked to increased stages of self-esteem in adolescents.

The analysis of the data obtained from the contributors in the DADOS examine has revealed no connection involving the strength of reduced system muscular tissues and the chance of despair and the amount of self-esteem. On the other hand, it has revealed that self-esteem may possibly play a mediating part in the association between physical conditioning and hazard of depression in young people, especially amongst girls. This implies that the danger of melancholy in adolescence could be minimised by expanding self-esteem, which in switch could be accomplished by improving upon the actual physical conditioning of this inhabitants group.

The thesis is publication-centered and therefore consists of in a single of its sections a few analysis articles revealed in diverse significant-effect worldwide journals designed inside the Actual physical Activity, Exercise and Well being (Daily life) team of the general public university in Castelló (

Project information

The students in the sample analysed in the doctoral thesis were part of the DADOS (Activity, Adolescence and Overall health) task, a 5-12 months cohort analyze (2015-2020) which had as its primary aim the assessment of the affect of bodily activity on bodily wellbeing, psychological well being and academic overall performance throughout adolescence. To be qualified for variety, students had to have been born in 2002, be in the 2nd calendar year of Obligatory Secondary Education and learning and not to experience from any physical or psychological pathologies.

To date, the DADOS venture has provided increase to much more than 70 papers at national and international congresses and scientific conferences, as effectively as 25 articles revealed in superior-affect journals indexed in the Journal Citation Report (JCR). In addition, the DADOS venture has contributed to the training of 4 doctoral students, who have composed their doctoral theses as customers of the Lifetime research group.

The DADOS challenge has been funded by the Spanish Ministry of the Financial state and Competitiveness and by the Universitat Jaume I of Castelló. It also received two Sunny Activity study scholarships from the firm Schweppes Suntory España (yrs 2015 and 2016).


Journal references:


  • Affiliation amongst Wellbeing-Relevant Physical Health and Self-Rated Possibility of Despair in Adolescents: Dados Examine. Bou-Sospedra C, Adelantado-Renau M, Beltran-Valls MR, Moliner-Urdiales D. Journal of Environmental Analysis and Community Health, 2020 Jun 1717(12):4316
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  • Unbiased and put together influence of bodily fitness parts on self-esteem in adolescents: DADOS study. Bou-Sospedra C, Adelantado-Renau M, Beltran-Valls MR, Moliner-Urdiales D. Annals of Human Biology, 2021 Dec48(7-8):550-556
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  • The mediating function of self-esteem in the association concerning physical physical fitness and hazard of melancholy in adolescents: DADOS Analyze, C. Bou-Sospedra, M. Adelantado-Renau, M. R. Beltran-Valls & D. Moliner-Urdiales. Global Journal of Activity and Exercise Psychology, 2022.
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